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Myanmar has suffered decades of armed conflict between the government and ethnic minority groups since gaining independence in 1948.


More recently, the situation in Myanmar has deteriorated following a military coup in February 2021. Protests broke out and thousands of civilians joined a civil disobedience movement, which prompted a shadow government to be formed. Clashes and military operations between resistance movements, including ethnic movements and the army, led to widespread rights abuses. 


Fight for Humanity and Berghof Foundation launched a participatory action research project to explore the role that armed and political actors play in implementing the Women, Peace, and Security Agenda as part of the Security Council Resolution 1325. The focus was put on two Ethnic Resistance Organisations (EROs), and the research drew recommendations to their leaderships on how to better protect women in the conflict and promote their participation in peacebuilding processes. 

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